Speed Skating is a sport that utilizes many of the training measurements and techniques that cyclists use to reach a maximum performance. This includes power, hyper-focus on form, team strategy for drafting and more.
In the Wingate Test, the ratio of resistance to body weight is one of the primary variations in format, as is the duration.
For example, let's take the Wingate Test, which measures your peak anaerobic power and anaerobic capacity. It's popular with speed skaters and hockey players. Interestingly, it's also been used by rowers by using an arm crank ergometer.
The general format is to warm up for 5 minutes with a few warm-up sprints to prepare the body for the pain that follows. The subject will build speed on the ergometer, and then resistance is immediately dropped. The subject continues for 30 seconds, and it's not uncommon to be unable to finish the entire test.
John Coyle, a 1994 Speed Skating Olympic Silver Medalists, talks about "pedalling till you die", or as it's known, a lactic acid assessment test around 4:00. Cyclists may be familiar with this, and may have gone through this themselves.